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hollister outlet sale Robotic Surgery
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Robotic surgery entails the utilisation of automatons in performance of surgery. Robotic surgery, also known as robotically assisted surgery and/or computer-assisted surgery are concepts for the developments in technology leading to [url=http://www.mxitcms.com/abercrombie/]abercrombie milano[/url] the employment [url=http://www.teatrodeoro.com/hollisterde.php]hollister deutschland[/url] of robotic systems in aiding surgical procedures. Surgical robots have been hailed for facilitating three major advances, including remote surgery, unmanned surgery, as well as minimally invasive surgery (Stannard & Krenzischek 326).
The purpose of this paper is to examine robotic surgery by looking at such parameters as its benefits, cost and [url=http://www.shewyne.com/moncleroutlet.html]moncler outlet[/url] payment, and whether [url=http://www.rtnagel.com/airjordan.php]jordan pas cher[/url] the overall process can be termed as a critical one. The development of robotically assisted surgery drew much inspiration from the urge of overcoming limitations of the minimally invasive surgery as well as to foster surgeons' [url=http://www.jeremyparendt.com/jimmy-choo.php]jimmy choo chaussures[/url] capability in performance of [url=http://www.shewyne.com/peutereyoutlet.html]peuterey outlet[/url] open surgery. Some of the [url=http://www.jeremyparendt.com/Hollister-b5.php]hollister france[/url] chief potential benefits of robotically assisted surgery include maniaturization and precision. Besides, articulations beyond the ordinary manipulation as well as the three-dimension magnification, which result into improvements in ergonomics, are also viable advantages of using them. Actually, robotic techniques have been associated with the reduction in the loss of blood, hospital duration days, pain medication use, and transfusions (Esty 488).
According to Finkelstein et al, the total cost of a robot in 2010 was 1,390,000 dollars, with its disposable supply costs amounting to 1,500 dollars per procedure, implying that the overall procedural cost is higher (36). Barbash and Glied argue that arrays of procedures are currently performed courtesy of the robot-assisted surgery, with remarkably increasing the cost of the procedures as well as the number of surgeries done (701). The overall robotic surgery process is cost effective since it requires some fewer personnel within the operating room as well as permitting the surgeons the ability of operating upon patients from long distances (Bonsor & Strickland Para 3). According to [url=http://www.gotprintsigns.com/abercrombiepascher/‎]abercrombie soldes[/url] McConnell et al (da Vinci System, comprising of patient-side robotic cart, high-definition 3D system of vision, and a surgeon's console) is cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for a number of surgical procedures such as prostrate cancer and mitral and hysterectomy valve repair (20). The system sells for around 1.2 million dollars and was utilised in about 48,000 procedures within 2006 (Stannard & Krenzischek 326).
Scientists have developed some surgical robots, which are highly autonomous hence requiring minimal or even no [url=http://www.shewyne.com/woolrichoutlet.html]woolrich sito ufficiale[/url] control of surgeons. Actually, they are used sometimes as tools of extending a trained surgeon's surgical skills (Stannard & Krenzischek 326). In addition, surgeons require some additional surgical training in order to operate these robots effectively and efficiently (Finkelstein et al 36). After conducting a number of feasibility studies in determination of whether purchase of the robots is worthwhile, scholars have differed dramatically in terms of opinions held. Surgeons on their part report that learning stage is highly intensive, with the requirement of operating upon 12 to 18 patients prior to adoption, despite the training provided by the manufacturers of such robots (Barbash & Glied 701).
Furthermore, during such training phases, some minimally invasive operations could consume up to twice the time used in traditional surgery, which in turn results into ties up in the operating room as well as surgical staffs keeping their patients for lengthy periods under anesthesia. Surveys on patients show that they prefer robotic procedures due to their expectations of improved outcomes, less pain, decreased morbidity, as well as reduced loss of blood (Estey 489). This shows that robotic surgery is a highly critical system as surgeons are still in the process of learning their effectiveness. [url=http://www.shewyne.com/hoganoutlet.html]hogan sito ufficiale[/url]
In conclusion, technological development has led [url=http://www.rtnagel.com/louboutin.php]louboutin[/url] to a highly fascinating improvement in the health industry with robotic surgery being a great step forward. The robotic surgery process will ultimately be easy, effective, and efficient, going by the current developments and trends in the system.




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