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Know the Positions in Basketball
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Know the Positions in Basketball
The three basketball positions normally used by organized basketball teams are guard, forward,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], and center. More specifically, they can be classified into five positions: point guard, shooting guard, small forward, power forward, and center.
The rules of basketball do not mandate them,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], and in informal games they are often not assigned. But in organized and professional leagues the five positions are often followed to give a team balance.
The point guard (PG),[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], also known as the number "1", is the team's general and the best ball handler on the floor. In football terminology, the point guard is like a basketball team's "quarterback."
The point guard is essentially the team's captain, and his job is to increase the team's efficiency by handing out assists. Some of the greatest point guards in the NBA throughout the last 10 years include Jason Kidd,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], Allen Iverson and Steve Nash.
The shooting guard (SG), also known as the number "2", is usually the team's best shooter. The shooting guard can also be the team captain as well.
A quality shooting guard must be able to consistently hit long jump shots as well as shorter shots. Besides being able to shoot the ball,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], shooting guards must also have good ball-handling skills because they have to be able to create their own shots off the dribble.
Finally,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych],[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], they should also be able to make good passes. As much of the defense's attention will be focused on them, they need to find open teammates so that the team does well as a whole.
The shooting guard needs to be able to take long-shots, around the three-point line. This is because there will be much tighter defense inside the key,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], and so the shooting guard needs to learn how to get free for his shots.
Typical NBA shooting guards are 6 feet 3 inches to 6 feet 7 inches. However,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych],[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], there are exceptions - for instance, Allen Iverson, who plays point guard and shooting guard,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], is only 6 feet tall.
The small forward (SF), also known as the number "3", is typically somewhat shorter, quicker,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], and leaner than the bigger power forwards and centers. In the NBA, small forwards range from 6 feet 5 inches to 6 feet 11 inches.
The small forward position is considered to be perhaps the most versatile of the five basketball positions, due to the nature of its role,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], which is sometimes similar to that of a power forward,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], but other times more resembles the role of a shooting guard. The small forward and shooting guard positions are often interchangeable.
Small forwards have a variety of weapons, such as quickness and strength inside. One common skill shared by all kinds of small forwards is the ability to "get to the line" - that is, have opposing players be called for committing shooting fouls against them.
Fouls are frequently called on the defense when offensive players take the ball hard to the basket and aggressively attempt post-up plays, lay-ups, or slam dunks. Therefore, accurate foul shooting is an imperative skill for small forwards, many of whom record a large number of their points from the foul line.
Small forwards should be able to do a little bit of everything on the court,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych]. Their play often makes the difference for their team in almost every game.
Also known as the "4" position and abbreviated as "PF", the power forward plays a role similar to that of a center, down in the "post" or "low blocks". On offense,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych],[link widoczny dla zalogowanych],[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], he can "post up",[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], playing with his back to the basket, or set up for mid-range jump shots.
On defense, he plays under the basket in a zone defense or against the opposing power forward in man-to-man defense. Typical NBA power forwards are 6 feet 9 inches to 6 feet 11 inches tall,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], though some power forwards,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], like the 6 feet 5 inches Charles Barkley,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], have compensated for a lack of height with exceptional bulk and strength.
The center (C),[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], also referred to as the number "5", usually plays near the baseline,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], close to the basket (referred to as the "bottom of the key" or the "low post"). The tallest player is most likely to be assigned to the position of center,[link widoczny dla zalogowanych], with typical NBA centers being around 7 feet in height.

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